This unit covers the design and construction of hydraulic components and structures and the properties and behaviour of soils. It covers the following topics in hydraulics: basic equations of flow, flow with free surface, uniform, gradually varied and rapidly varied flow in an open channel, Hydraulic structures in an open channel. It covers the following topics on soil mechanics: cohesionless and cohesive soils, weight-volume relationships, particle size distribution, soil classification, soil compaction and compressibility, mechanical properties of rock. It integrates the two areas with the following topics: pore water pressures and effective stress concept, permeability of soil and hydraulic properties of rock masses, groundwater flow, seepage theory, flow nets.
PRESCRIBED TEXT - HYDRAULICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
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